Posts Tagged ‘Big Ancestor Figure’

27. Judaism


***The first monotheisms such as the doctrines of Melchisedek[1] (only known from the Judaic Bible: a Sumerian High Priest of ‘the Most High God’, to whom Abram, a Sumerian too but for the Judaic Bible writers the founder of their doctrine, presented a tithe – showing that Melchisedek was superior to Abram) and Zarathustra were designed to make people to better humans, by bringing back the ancestral ‘noble’ morality and the danced/sung creation story of the Big Ancestor Figure. The later monotheisms however were sociopolitical seizures of power, were instrumental for a clergy to control their believers. A new phenomenon in the world of pantheist beliefs. Such a monotheism generates power. Inherent to these monotheisms is struggle between clergy and king.

The Judaist patriarchs of Jerusalem were not motivated by a moral idea such as the aforementioned priests, but by political idea: to concentrate all the agricultural products of the Jewish tribes to one and only altar: that of their temple. This non-moral but political inspiration would characterize all later effluences of Judaism, such as Christianity and Islam: religions that not aim to improve people to become better humans, but to create political power and domination in the first place.

The Jewish population consisted mainly of farmers, who tried to ensure the yield of fields, orchards and herds by offerings on a manifold of altars and ‘holy heights’ all over the land. Because agriculture is from origin a female business – the vegetable world was the women’s domain – the fertility gods were still mostly goddesses and the rituals mostly female ‘magic’, like everywhere in the primitive agrarian world.

Why concentrating all agricultural revenues to one altar?

Since centuries, the Jewish tribes were subdued and bled by either the Egyptians or the Assyrians. But in an interlude around 700 BC both superpowers happened to be temporarily impotent, so this offered an exquisite opportunity to execute an older plan. The Israelic priests – decennia before fled to Jerusalem in Juda – thought this situation a chance to gather as much money as possible to create an own standing army, so that they would be released from the usurpation by the superpowers, and possibly to become a superpower themselves!

A splendid idea, possibly inspired by the example of the Egyptian king Achenaton centuries before, who also established a new religion with political aim. The priests plan was moreover fueled by the opportunity of a young and willing king, the eight year old Josia. The priests wrote a ‘holy’ book about a super god Jahweh, the young king gathered and indoctrinated a militia. In the eighteenth year of his reign, in 622 BC, all is ready for the execi=ution of the plan. In II Kings and II Chronicle of the Bible the scenario can be read barely camouflaged, beginning with the ‘discovery’ of an ‘old’ written text under debris of temple renovation. Bible experts say it is was body text of Deuteronomy.

In 58 BC the magnificent plan chattered: the Assyrian king Nebukadnessar took Jerusalem, destroyed the temple and the priest were expatriated to Babylon.

In the metropolis Babylon, ancient stories such as the Sumerian origin story and the epic of Gilgamesh were still living around. Zoroastrianism was one of the popular religions. The Judaist priests used all kinds of Babylonian stories and zoroastrist elements to fit up their shabby Jahwism: angels, heaven and hell, believe in ‘the end of times’, struggle between good and bad, final judgment, a regime of do’s and don’ts, believe in a Messiah, a Redeemer, believe in a resurrection and in paradise. All those elements were alien to the ancestral Jewish beliefs and the Sadducees didn’t accept them. But the populist Pharisees did and were in the majority.

Alas, the Bible writers retained three Deuteronomic elements: hostility against women (to take over women’s ancestral power over religion and to destroy the offer places all over the land to concentrate the social product in the Temple), hostility against every other religion, and divine election delusion.

***This made Judaism to a bad religion: not focused on humanism, on becoming better fellow men, like Zoroastrianism, but as an instrument of social-economic and political power: focused on submissiveness of the believers.

It has been this bad religion that became foundation of Christianity and Islam.

The Torah (the Jewish Bible) started with only Deuteronomy, but is in Babylon and later further in Jerusalem enlarged with many other ‘holy’ texts and songs. Relevant here is the notion of Bible experts[2] that Genesis was the latest text to be added. Nevertheless is this text the first of the Torah[3], and the first one, Deuteronomy, is listed as the last one. This conversion we will encounter in the Koran if the Islam. What here is interesting is, that every new belief has to start with the Origin Story.

[1] According to one author – I have no further reference – there is a Sumerian clay tablet with a set of ten orders, very similar to the Ten Commands , written by a priest Melchisedek…very useful for Judaic Bible writers. Also Psalm 110:4: Thou art a priest for even after the manner of Melchisedek indicates a doctrine. The Bible writers had no interest in further elucidation of the ‘manner’ of a non-Jahwist priest, they only used its authority and his content.

[2] A. van der Kooij & K. van der Toorn Canonization & Decanonozation (Leiden, 1997): “Within the Torah the book of Genesis was presumably the latest book to be added; the addition must likely occurred in the sixth or fifth century BCE.”

[3] 1. Genesis 2. Exodus 3. Leviticus 4. Numbers 5. Deuteronomy

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Used abbreviations

GHs: gatherers/hunters (the phase from 2 million years ago to 10.000 years ago)

AGRs: agriculturers (the phase from 10.000 years ago till now)

NT(s)Neanderthal people

MSA(s): Middle Stone Age people (African NTs)

AMH(s): Anatomical Modern Humans (H sapiens people), like we are

(m)ya: (million) years ago

ANBOs: Ancestor Bonobos (ape-men), our earliest human ancestors

Paleos: all scientists that are important for our story.